Women usually ignore their health and also consider issues like hair fall, growing lots of facial hair, and irregular menstrual cycle as normal. These symptoms can be a sign of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS affects one in ten women of childbearing age. It can also be a cause of heart strokes and diabetes.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a common health problem caused by reproductive hormonal imbalance. In a healthy menstrual cycle, ovaries make eggs that are released every month. PCOS affects this, either the eggs are not formed or they are not released. It can cause:
- Irregular or prolonged periods
- Development of cysts in ovaries
Cause of PCOS:
The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown so doctors don’t know the exact reason but they think these factors play role in PCOS.
- Excess insulin production
- Higher levels of Androgen
Symptoms of PCOS:
You can have two or more symptoms of PCOS. You should tell your doctor if you have these symptoms.
- Acne (majorly cystic acne)
- Hirsutism (extreme hair growth on face and body)
- Patterned baldness or extreme hair fall
- Heavy periods or unhealthy menstrual cycle
Treatment of PCOS:
PCOS cannot be completely cured. The treatment works by reducing the symptoms or any major issues you are having like extreme hair growth etc.
One of the best things women with PCOS can do is eat healthily and exercise regularly. Women with PCOS are generally overweight so exercise can help. Reducing 5-10% of body weight can help regulate the menstrual cycle. Sugary foods can raise blood sugar levels so it’s best to stay away from them. Other treatments include different medicines depending upon your major symptoms and what you want to deal with. A minor surgery can also be done that can help you with getting pregnant.